Linux kernel and Its distributions for beginners to The Linux operating system is a free and open source operating system. An operating system is the program that controls the hardware and resources of a computer, such as the CPU, memory, and storage. The operating system sits between applications and hardware, connecting all of your apps to the physical resources that perform the work.
Linux Kernel and Its Distributions
A Linux distribution is a computer operating system comprised of a software set based on the Linux kernel and, in many cases, a package management system. Linux users usually receive their operating system by installing one of the Linux distributions, which are available for a broad range of systems, including embedded devices, personal computers, and supercomputers.
Major Distribution in Linux
Linux Mint – Linux Mint is a community-driven Linux distribution based on Ubuntu that comes pre-installed with a number of free and open-source programmes. For those who choose to use proprietary tools like multimedia codecs, it will provide complete multimedia support right out of the box.
Ubuntu – Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux distribution that uses mainly free and open-source software. For Internet of Things devices and robots, Ubuntu is available in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core. Both editions can be run on a single device or in a virtual machine.
Red-Hat – Red Hat is the world’s largest provider of open source business applications, including high-performance Linux, cloud, container, and Kubernetes technologies.
Fedora – Fedora is a free and open source platform for hardware, clouds, and containers that allows software developers and community members to create custom solutions for their customers.
Boss linux – Bharat Operating System Solutions is a Debian-based Indian Linux distribution. BOSS Linux comes in four flavours: BOSS Desktop, EduBOSS, BOSS Advanced Server, and BOSS MOOL, to name a few. On October 15, 2019, the new stable version 8.0 was announced.
Ubuntu Version .04 vs .10
Ubuntu releases a new update every six months, in the months of April (04) and October (01). (10). Public and private releases are the two types of releases. Typical release: A new version is released every six months, and it is supported for nine months. Every two years, LTS (Long-Term Support) releases are made available, with funding for a five-year period.
Ubuntu is a single project or distribution focused on the Linux framework, while Linux is based on the Linux kernel. Most Linux distributions do not need anti-virus software installation; however, Ubuntu, a desktop-based operating system, is one of the most reliable Linux distributions.
Linux is a well-known example of collaborative development of free and open-source software. The source code can be used, modified, and distributed commercially or non-commercially under the terms of its respective licences, such as the GNU General Public License.