A programming language is a formal language made up of a set of strings that generate various types of machine code. Not all programming languages have a programmer-friendly syntax, such as Python or Java. There are some hardest programming language like this list in the world.
Certain programming languages are difficult to master due to their syntactical and paradigmatic complexities. However, you should not be concerned about the languages’ difficulty. Everything comes down to mastering the syntax and applying what you’ve learned.
To master these programming languages, you must work on a project and apply what you’ve learned in real time. Otherwise, things could spiral out of control.
1. Brain fuck
Brainfuck is without a doubt the most bizarre language I’ve ever encountered. And, yes, there are many tutorials about the language and how to program in it that you can find on Google, but I’m writing this one because most of them seem to only cover the basics of using the operators.
Urban Müller created the language Brainfuck, which is a Turing-complete language. Despite the fact that the language only has eight operators (>+-,. ), you can write almost any program you can imagine. I would recommend getting a few things before you start writing programs in brainfuck.
We understand that the name of this language may seem amusing to you, but it is a programming language created by Sean Heber in 2003. The keyword ‘moo’ or its variations are used in this language, and the funniest thing about it is the keyword ‘moo’ or its variations. In this language, any other character or word is considered a comment. It was created using the same language as Turing Machine.
Don Woods and James M. Lyon, both students at Princeton University at the time, created this language in 1972. There are no pronounceable acronyms in this language. To make this programming language user-friendly, the creators included keywords like Read out, Ignore, Please, Forget, and others.
The amusing thing about this language is that it expects 4 Please keywords in code to determine the politeness of programmers. If it’s less, the code won’t run because it’ll think the programmer isn’t being polite enough. If it’s five or more, it won’t run because the programmer is being overly polite.
Ben Olmstead first introduced this language in 1998, and it took nearly two years to write the first program, so you can imagine the complexity of this language. This language’s coding appears to be garbage or malfunctioning, and Ben Olmstead is said to have never written a single program in it.
Malbolge is a public-domain esoteric programming language that is widely regarded as one of the world’s most difficult programming languages.
Opscode developed Chef, a configuration management technology for managing infrastructure on physical and virtual machines. It is a Ruby-based open source project that aids in the management of complex infrastructure on the fly. This tutorial will give you a basic understanding of infrastructure and the fundamental concepts of using Chef to manage it.
Logic Programming is what Prolog stands for. It was created in 1972 and is a fascinating programming language to work with if you’re interested in artificial intelligence’s natural language processing (NLP) aspect. Prolog is a fantastic tool for building conversational bots. Prolog was used to create ELIZA, the world’s first chatbot.
Prolog isn’t a difficult language to learn. In comparison to C++ or Python, its syntax is much more straightforward. Formulating Prolog programs, on the other hand, is a completely different challenge.
Prolog is a difficult language to learn because it contains concepts such as facts, rules, and goals. You can’t just copy and paste Prolog code and expect it to work; you’ll almost certainly end up with compiler errors or infinite recursion. Your program’s core logic must be flawless, which makes it difficult to work on. Today’s procedural languages allow programmers to get away with a few logical inconsistencies.
List Processing is abbreviated as LISP. It is the second-oldest programming language after Fortran. John McCarthy, one of the fathers of artificial intelligence as we know it today, created it. It’s known as the “programmable programming language,” which reflects its biggest advantage over other languages.
LISP was created as a practical mathematical notation for programs and has proven to be a popular choice among AI programmers. Rapid prototyping, dynamic object creation, garbage collection, and extreme flexibility are just a few of the features that make it one of the best programming languages for AI/ML.
Haskell is named after the famous mathematician Haskell Brooks Curry. It is a statically-typed functional programming language with shorter code lines that was introduced in 1990. Haskell is a safe programming language because it is extremely efficient at handling errors. The majority of non-syntactical errors are caught during the compilation process rather than at runtime.
The fact that Haskell is a functional programming language adds to the difficulty of learning it. Haskell is challenging even among other functional languages because of its abstractness, purity, terse syntax, and use of one-letter identifier names. These characteristics contribute to Haskell’s overall strength, but they also make it difficult to learn and master.
10. Assembly Language (ASM)
The term “assembly language” refers to low-level code that represents native machine code for any microprocessor. The other languages on this list had a syntactic similarity to English, and the code had to be bytecoded down to machine instructions.
The name comes from the fact that the code is assembled. You can deduce the intent of a piece of C or Python code simply by reading it. Without knowing the entire code for context, this task is difficult in Assembly Language. Each basic operation is a complete statement, including moving data in and out of memory registers.
There’s a reason for the difficulties you’re having. Assembly Language is extremely powerful, especially when speed and efficiency are critical. You can use it to do low-level system programming. For hardware development or systems programming, these can be combined with other high-level programming languages.
You must first understand how a computer works internally before you can begin learning Assembly Language. If you’ve only worked with high-level languages so far, understanding how the CPU works, how memory is managed, and how to read and write from registers may be difficult. Before learning Assembly Language, there is usually a significant knowledge gap that must be filled. Because Assembly Language allows for direct hardware manipulation, companies that work in the hardware industry need Assembly Language programmers. For dealing with extremely important and delicate performance issues. Developing real-time and low-level embedded systems.
Rust is an open-source systems programming language that has been the most popular language on Stack Overflow for the past four years. Rust offers a viable and solid solution for dealing with the annoyances of other languages with the fewest possible bitter pills.
It’s secure, quick, and allows you to work on multiple projects at the same time. Rust allows businesses to save money by providing better control over low-level details and optimum memory management. It combines high-level language’s intuitiveness with low-level language’s control and performance. Rust is a modern systems language that has all of the advantages and performance of C and C++, but none of the drawbacks that programmers are used to with these languages.
Rust’s features, such as its built-in package manager, excellent compiler, and compatibility with modern systems, make it one of the most popular programming languages today. Rust’s steep learning curve can be attributed to the language’s syntax, macrosystem, and unique approach to some fundamental concepts.
Although one of its main advantages is efficient memory management, it can take some time to get used to a compiler that constantly reminds you about memory. It also has a number of packages that do the same thing.
C++ is an object-oriented programming language that is widely regarded as the fastest. As a result, learning C++ is recommended, especially if you want to try your hand at competitive programming. C++ is a highly dynamic language with many complex moving parts because it is object-oriented. Sometimes these components interact in a natural way, and other times they don’t. And it’s up to the programmer to figure out how to get around it.
It’s pointless to go over all of C++‘s complexities; instead, keep in mind that the language’s complexity is fractal, and you’ll never know everything there is to know about it. The goal should be to learn the concepts in a hands-on manner while also working on a small project to put what you’ve learned into practice. Learning C++ is difficult at first, but once you get the hang of it, you’ll appreciate the language’s speed and efficiency.