Difference Between Java and C

C Programming Language

Dennis M. Ritchie worked on C between 1969 and 1973.

The C programming language is a procedural programming language.

C is a procedure-oriented language.

C is classified as a middle-level language because it bridges the gap between machine and high-level languages.

C is a compiled language, which means it converts code into machine language that the machine or system can understand.

In general, C is broken down into functions.

The C programming language can be used for both system and application programming.

Because C does not support OOPS, which is very useful for code reuse, it does not have the Inheritance property.

As a result, C is not appropriate for relating things in the real world.

Variable declaration is at the beginning of the block in C89, but in the most recent version of C, C99, we can declare variables anywhere.

In C, the keyword free is used to release memory.

Threading is not supported in C.

In C, data hiding is accomplished by using static.

C is not robust, as it does not perform strict type checking during compile and run time. 

Exception handling is not possible in C, so the program’s normal flow is disrupted. 

It employs a top-down strategy. 

The functionality of overloading is not supported by C.

Preprocessors are supported in C.

These are major things to know the difference between java and c programming language.

Java Programming Language

In 1995, James Gosling created the Java programming language.

Java is an Object-Oriented programming language.

Java is a data-driven language.

Because code is translated into machine language using a compiler or interpreter, Java is a high-level language.

Java is an interpretive language, which means that the code is first converted to bytecode, which is then executed by the JVM (Java Virtual Machine).

Inheritance is a Java property that is very useful for reusability of code.

Because code is translated into machine language using a compiler or interpreter, Java is a high-level language.

Internally, a compiler will free up memory by invoking the garbage collector.

The concept of threading is supported by Java.

Pointers are not supported in Java.

Method overloading is supported in Java, which improves code readability.

Preprocessors are not supported by Java.

Unions and structures are not supported by Java.

Java, on the other hand, does not support storage classes.

Java does not support virtual keywords.

Method overloading is supported in Java, which improves code readability.

Java’s default members are private.

In Java, you can hide data by using the private keyword. 

These are the common difference between java and c programming language.